Controlling Command Window Input and Output
The format Function
The format function controls the numeric format of the values displayed. The function affects only how numbers are displayed, not how MATLAB software computes or saves them. Here are the different formats, together with the resulting output produced from a vector x with components of different magnitudes.
x = [4/3 1.2345e-6] format short 1.3333 0.0000 format short e 1.3333e+000 1.2345e-006 format short g 1.3333 1.2345e-006 format long 1.33333333333333 0.00000123450000 format long e 1.333333333333333e+000 1.234500000000000e-006 format long g 1.33333333333333 1.2345e-006 format bank 1.33 0.00 format rat 4/3 1/810045 format hex 3ff5555555555555 3eb4b6231abfd271
If the largest element of a matrix is larger than 103 or smaller than 10-3, MATLAB applies a common scale factor for the short and long formats.
In addition to the format functions shown above
suppresses many of the blank lines that appear in the output. This lets you view more information on a screen or window. If you want more control over the output format, use the sprintf and fprintf functions.
If you simply type a statement and press Return or Enter, MATLAB automatically displays the results on screen. However, if you end the line with a semicolon, MATLAB performs the computation but does not display any output. This is particularly useful when you generate large matrices. For example,
A = magic(100);
Entering Long Statements
If a statement does not fit on one line, use an ellipsis (three periods), …, followed by Return or Enter to indicate that the statement continues on the next line. For example,
s = 1 -1/2 + 1/3 -1/4 + 1/5 – 1/6 + 1/7 …
– 1/8 + 1/9 – 1/10 + 1/11 – 1/12;
Blank spaces around the =, +, and – signs are optional, but they improve readability.
Command Line Editing
Various arrow and control keys on your keyboard allow you to recall, edit, and reuse statements you have typed earlier. For example, suppose you mistakenly enter
rho = (1 + sqt(5))/2
You have misspelled sqrt. MATLAB responds with
Undefined function or variable ‘sqt’.
Instead of retyping the entire line, simply press the up key. The statement you typed is redisplayed. Use the left key to move the cursor over and insert the missing r. Repeated use of the up key recalls earlier lines. Typing a few characters and then the up key finds a previous line that begins with those characters. You can also copy previously executed statements from the Command History. For more information, see Command History